A lot of our knowledge of Roman clothing, jewelry, and hairstyles comes from the Fayum Mummy Portraits. These are a set of encaustic (wax) paintings dating back to Imperial Roman Egypt, from the first century AD during the reign of the Emperor Tiberius (42 BC to 37 AD) until the third century AD.
Although they were stylistically related to the tradition of Greco-Roman painting, they were created for a typically Egyptian purpose, as portraits inserted in the strips of the face of the mummy so that the deceased’s soul can recognize its body in the afterlife. Centuries later, they serve as primary sources into the clothing, jewelry, and hairstyles of our ancient ancestors.
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